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BIA Dismisses Respondent’s Appeal and Discusses §18.5 of the California Penal Code

The BIA found that the amendment to §18.5 of the California Penal Code, which retroactively lowered the maximum possible sentence that could have been imposed for a foreign national’s state offense from 365 days to 364 days, does not affect the applicability of INA §237(a)(2)(A)(i)(II) to a past conviction for a crime involving moral turpitude “for which a sentence of one year or longer may be imposed.”

Court Says Conviction for Evading Arrest in Texas Is Not Categorically a Crime Involving Moral Turpitude

The Fifth Circuit vacated the BIA’s decision and remanded, holding that the petitioner’s conviction for evading arrest under Texas Penal Code §38.04 was not categorically a crime involving moral turpitude rendering him ineligible for cancellation of removal under INA §240A(b)(1).

Crime of Moral turpitude found

Assault with a deadly weapon or force likely to produce great bodily injury under California law is categorically a crime involving moral turpitude. Ceron v. Holder, 747 F.3d 773 (9th Cir. 2014) (en banc), distinguished.

Sexual violation case ruled upon

A sexual offense in violation of a statute enacted to protect children is a crime involving moral turpitude where the victim is particularly young—that is, under 14 years of age—or is under 16 and the age differential between the perpetrator and victim is significant, or both, even though the statute requires no culpable mental state as to the age of the child. Matter of Silva-Trevino, 26 I&N Dec. 826 (BIA 2016), clarified.

Rulings on Sex crimes

Sexual solicitation of a minor under section 3-324(b) of the Maryland Criminal Law with the intent to engage in an unlawful sexual offense in violation of section 3-307 is categorically a crime involving moral turpitude.

New case out on Perjury

(1) The generic definition of “perjury” in section 101(a)(43)(S) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43)(S) (2012), requires that an offender make a material false statement knowingly or willfully while under oath or affirmation where an oath is authorized or required by law.
(2) The crime of perjury in violation of section 118(a) California Penal Code is categorically an offense relating to perjury under section 101(a)(43)(S) of the Act.

perjury

BIA Says Endangering the Welfare of a Child in New York Is Categorically a Crime of Child Abuse

In a precedent decision issued today, the BIA held that the crime of endangering the welfare of a child in violation of §260.10(1) of the New York Penal Law, which requires knowingly acting in a manner likely to be injurious to the physical, mental, or moral welfare of a child, is categorically a “crime of child abuse, child neglect, or child abandonment” under INA §237(a)(2)(E)(i).

Mens Rea needed for aggravated felony

The respondent’s removability as an alien convicted of an aggravated felony was not established where section 76‑10‑508.1 of the Utah Code was not shown to be divisible with respect to the mens rea necessary for the offense to qualify as a crime of violence under 18 U.S.C. § 16(a)(2012), based on the Supreme Court’s decisions in Mathis v.‍ United States, 136 S. Ct. 2243 (2016), and Descamps v. United States, 133 S. Ct. 2276 (2013).  Matter of Chairez, 26 I&N Dec. 349 (BIA 2014), and Matter of Chairez, 26 I&N Dec. 478 (BIA 2015), clarified.

Is copyright infringement a crime involving moral turpitude

Matter of ZARAGOZA-VAQUERO, 26 I&N Dec. 814 (BIA 2016)
The offense of criminal copyright infringement in violation of 17 U.S.C. § 506(a)(1)(A) (2012) and 18 U.S.C. § 2319(b)(1) (2012) is a crime involving moral turpitude.

Fraud Waiver does NOT Waive CMT

Matter of TIMA, 26 I&N Dec. 839 (BIA 2016)
A fraud waiver under section 237(a)(1)(H) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1227(a)(1)(H) (2012), cannot waive an alien’s removability under section 237(a)(2)(A)(i) for having been convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude, even if the conviction is based on the underlying fraud.

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