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What to do if you lose at the Board of Immigration Appeals

 

Question: I am so sad. I lost at the Immigration Court and then I lost at the Board of Immigration Appeals. Is there anywhere else to go and anything else I can do to try to stay here in the U.S.?

 

Answer: Yes. You are eligible to file a Petition for Review to the Circuit Court of Appeals.  Petitions for review must be filed and received by the court no later than 30 days after
the date of the decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) or the U.S.
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). This deadline is jurisdictiona.  The 30-day deadline for filing a petition for review is not extended either by filing a motion to reopen or reconsider or by the grant or extension of voluntary departure. Separate petitions for review must be filed for each BIA decision, including issues arising from the denial of a motion to reopen or reconsider.


ICE can deport an individual before the 30-day deadline to file a petition for review
Filing a petition for review does not stay the individual’s removal from the country; Instead, a separate request for a stay must be filed with the court. Filing a petition for review terminates the voluntary departure order, with one exception.  A petition for review may be litigated even if the individual has been removed. However, you probably want to stay here, so try to get the Motion to Stay promptly filed.

 

Question: That’s good to hear. However, what exactly is a ‘petition for review’?

 

Answer: A petition for review is the document filed by, or on behalf of, an individual seeking review of an agency decision in a circuit court of appeals. In the immigration context, a petition for review is filed to obtain federal court review of a removal, deportation or exclusion decision issued by the BIA. In addition, a petition for review may be filed to obtain review of a removal order issued by ICE under a few very limited specific provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).

 

Question: So what can you challenge in the Petition for Review?

 

Answer: A challenge to a BIA or ICE decision may involve legal, constitutional, factual, and/or
discretionary claims. In general, (1) legal claims assert that BIA/ICE erroneously applied or
interpreted the law (e.g., the INA or the regulations); (2) constitutional challenges assert that
BIA/ICE violated a constitutional right (e.g., due process or equal protection); (3) factual claims
assert that certain findings of fact made by BIA/ICE were erroneous; and (4) discretionary claims assert BIA/ICE abused its discretion by the manner in which it reached its conclusion.

 

Keep in mind that the 30-day deadline for filing a petition for review of the underlying decision is not extended by the filing of a motion to reopen or reconsider, nor is it extended by the grant or extension of voluntary departure. To obtain review of issues arising from a BIA decision and issues arising from the denial of a motion to reopen or reconsider, separate petitions for review of each BIA decision must be filed.

 

It is quite complex to properly do a Petition for Review, so be sure that you get a qualified immigration attorney to get it filed for you.

Virgina Ct. Says Burglary NOT aggravated felon

The Fourth Circuit denied the petition for review, holding that the offense of statutory burglary in Virginia does not constitute an aggravated felony under the categorical approach for purposes of immigration law.

Court Rejects Pro Se Petitioner’s Argument That He Was Denied Representation by Counsel

The Seventh Circuit denied the petition for review, holding that the petitioner was afforded due process, because the IJ fully complied with the statutory requirement of INA §240(b)(4) by informing the petitioner of his right to obtain counsel, and offered repeatedly to continue the case to allow him to secure representation.

BALCA Upholds Denial of Second PERM Filing Where First PERM Was Pending BALCA Review

BALCA affirmed the Certifying Officer’s denial of the labor certification, finding that the employer filed two PERM applications with “substantially comparable job duties,” and holding that an employer may not file a new PERM application for the same foreign worker for the same job opportunity when the first application is pending BALCA review.

BALCA Affirms Denial Where Employer’s Agent Signed Recruitment Report

BALCA upheld the denial of the labor certification where the recruitment report was signed by an agent, rather than the employer, in direct violation of 20 CFR §656.17(g)(1), which requires either the employer or its representative to sign the recruitment report.

Make sure to file BIA Appeal on Time

The Second Circuit held that the BIA’s decision declining to certify the petitioner’s untimely appeal of his removal order was a discretionary determination and, accordingly, was not subject to judicial review.

The Board of Immigration Appeals cannot simply ignore the evidence.

The Second Circuit reversed the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) and remanded, finding that it was unable to meaningfully review the agency’s removability determination, because the BIA had failed to consider material evidence—namely, the petitioner’s 1994 marriage certificate. On remand, the BIA was instructed to evaluate the authenticity of the marriage certificate, and to articulate the standard the agency applies when assessing the credibility of an individual who testifies on matters concerning removability in a contested removal proceeding.

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