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Motion to Reopen an in absentia order of deportation was granted by the BIA

BIA granted a motion to reopen an in absentia order of deportation based on Matter of Lozada. BIA found Matter of Lozada substantially satisfied where prior attorney is now deceased.

The Deportation Process Explained

The Deportation Process Explained

Question: I am now in deportation proceedings. I have no idea what to do in this deportation process and am very afraid how to proceed. Can you explain the deportation process and what will happen.

Answer: The deportation process is certainly one that is intimidating. The ICE officials are usually not pleasant and will many times try to have you sign documents that you should not sign. The deportation process is meant to try to get you to voluntary deport so that there is one less person in the system. Nobody is there to help you during the deportation process, and therefore, you must do what is necessary to get a qualified immigration attorney. The deportation process usually begins with you being taken from your house or work and put into immigration detention. At that point, I have many clients tell me that ICE officials will basically tell them there is no hope and that they should just sign the voluntary deportation papers so they can be deported. However, in many cases this hopelessness is not true and there are forms of relief that is available. Therefore, do not sign anything. The deportation process will then continue with a hearing in front of the Immigration Judge. Normally, the first hearing will be set around 5 to 10 days after you are placed into detention. While it is possible to get bond beforehand, it is not likely. Even if Immigration sets bond, it is usually many thousands of dollars higher than what the Immigration Judge might set.

At the first hearing in the deportation process, you should then request a Bond Redetermination Hearing. This is the hearing where evidence will be presented to see if you are statutorily eligible for bond, and if so, what amount should be set for that bond. If the bond is set, then the case will be continued and you will be given an opportunity to have a family member or friend post the bond and you will be released. Keep in mind that if you appear at all your immigration hearings, that you will get your bond money back at the end of the process. However, if you skip a hearing or do not follow the necessary instructions, you will have just given Immigration the bond money without return.

The deportation process will then continue in a non-detained facility if you bonded out and will continue with what is known as a Master Calendar hearing. While this particular hearing does not last long in front of the Immigration Judge, it is very important. It is where you will plea to the allegations in the Notice to Appear. This is the document you are served with at the beginning of the deportation process. It is the charging document as to why immigration believes you are deportable. After the Master Calendar, if you disputed any of the allegations, the deportation process will be set over for what is known as a Contested Hearing. This is where evidence will be presented to dispute the allegation and the Immigration Judge will either agree or disagree with you. If the charge is sustained, the Immigration Judge will determine if there is a proper ground for removability. If so, the next phase of the deportation process is for you to present evidence on what grounds of relief you might qualify for in Immigration Court. This could be Cancellation of Removal, Adjustment of Status, Asylum, Convention Against Torture, Registry and others.

Once you have let the Immigration Judge know what relief you might qualify for, your case will be set over to file the necessary applications. Afterwards, the deportation process will allow the next hearing which is known as a Merits Hearing. This is where you will actually have trial on the matter and bring witnesses and all of your testimony as well as whatever other evidence you have. At the end of the deportation process (at least at the Immigration Court level), the Immigration Judge will make a decision and let you know if the relief has been granted or denied.

Of course, this is a summary of the deportation process and there are lots of other items involved. However, this does give you an idea of the deportation process and what to expect. One thing is for sure. Be sure to get an Immigration Attorney who knows the deportation process!

Get the Best Deportation Lawyer to help you with your Deportation Case

Best Deportation Lawyer needed for Removal Proceedings

Question: I am in deportation proceedings and I have no idea what to do. Can you help me?

Answer: First, you want to make sure to hire the best deportation lawyer. There is a myriad of things that can go wrong. You have to remember that the Immigration Judge and the attorney representing the ‘other side’ are not there to help you. In fact, you are just a number to them. You must find a knowledgeable and reputable deportation attorney who you believe is the best deportation lawyer available for the job. Keep in mind that the difference between a win and a lose could very well fall on the tactics that the immigration lawyer does and the manner in which he or she does it.

Question: I would like to find the best deportation lawyer. However, I just do not know what to look for in that particular immigration attorney. Can you help?

Answer: First, you want to make sure that the best deportation lawyer is actually an attorney. Unfortunately, there are some very unscrupulous people out there that could try to come off as an attorney and only end up taking your money. You can find out if they are in fact an attorney, they will be listed on the website for the attorneys for that particular State. Next, make sure the best deportation lawyer actually specializes in Immigration Law. If you will do a small inquiry, you will note what kind of law the immigration attorney does. If this immigration attorney only does a few immigration cases and takes multiple other cases per year of other areas of law, then it is a pretty good assumption that this particular immigration lawyer is not the best deportation lawyer for the job and probably does not know the details and complexities of immigration law. Many States actually have exams and other requirements for the immigration lawyer to take if that particular immigration lawyer wants to become a certified specialist in Immigration and Nationality Law. If your particular State has such a program for the licensed attorneys, it would be a good idea to see if this attorney is a certified specialist. If so, then you are one step closer to finding the best deportation lawyer for your case. Next, you certainly want to find out if this immigration attorney emphasizes deportation and removal law. Believe it or not, an immigration attorney can be a certified specialist in immigration law and still not specialize specifically in deportation law. If that is the case, then you have a very qualified immigration lawyer, but do not have the best deportation lawyer.

Question: How do I know if this immigration lawyer emphasizes deportation law.

Answer: You can certainly ask the immigration attorney what is their emphasis in immigration law. Alternatively, go on websites like Avvo.co, or Linkedin.com or other similar sites that allow you to view a detailed profile of the immigration attorney and ho that particular immigration attorney presents himself or herself. You should be able to notice that there is an emphasis in a particular area. For example, in deportation law, you will find discussions on Cancellation of Removal, Asylum, Convention Against Torture, Withholding of Removal, Adjustment of Status, Waivers and other items of a similar nature.

Getting the best deportation lawyer will give you a better chance of winning your case. It will give you a better chance of not being deported and if you win, you will be able to stay in the United States with your loved ones and your family. So, the bottom line, is do your homework and interview your immigration attorney, and then you can proceed with finding the best deportation lawyer for your case.

Grounds for Deportation and Deportation Relief in Deportation Hearings

Grounds for Deportation and Deportation Relief in Deportation Hearings.

For a myriad of reasons, people find themselves in deportation or removal or deportation proceedings. In these proceedings, Immigration tries to deport you from the United States. However, some ICE Trial Attorneys might be sympathic and try to work with your immigration attorney to resolve the matter.

There are many ways of winning a deportation or removal case. Many factors depend upon how long you have been here in the United States, your family relationships, or whether you have a past criminal history.  It is crucially important that you get legal representation as soon as possible to avoid adverse consequences of saying something in Immigration Court that will damage the outcome of the case. Unfortnately, there are people with minor crimes who are being deported because they do not have funds to hire an immigration attorney. If they can find or hire a qualified immigration lawyer or find one pro bono, they may have a chance of staying in the U.S.

Judicial Review

The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 included restrictions on federal judicial review of deportation, exclusion and removal cases. Former INA § 106, passed in 1961 by the United States Congress, had provided the basis for judicial review of immigration matters until its elimination by IIRIRA which replaced it with INA § 242, [8 U.S.C.A. § 1252].
After the passage of IIRIRA, different procedures were created for judicial review of removal orders, including exclusion or deportation orders, and for immigration decisions generally. Decisions regarding judicial review of removal orders are now subject to INA § 242 [8 U.S.C.A. § 1252]. Review of immigration decisions outside of removal proceedings are governed by 28 U.S.C.A. § 1331 and the provisions of the Administrative Procedures Act and occur in the District Courts.
Judicial review of immigration decisions can be divided into three categories depending on the date of commencement of proceedings or issuance of a final order. If a person had a final order of deportation or exclusion entered before October 30, 1996, judicial review was governed by former INA § 106. Deportation or exclusion cases which were commenced on or before October 30, 1996—but where no final deportation or exclusion order had yet been issued—are subject to the transition rules under IIRIRA. Judicial review of post-IIRIRA removal proceedings initiated on or after April 1, 1997 are governed by INA § 242 [8 U.S.C.A. § 1252] which provide limited judicial review of many immigration matters.Except as provided in INA § 242(b) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1252(b)] (requirements for review of removal orders), judicial review of a final order of removal is governed by Chapter 158 of Title 28 of the United States Code, except that courts may not order taking of additional evidence under 28 U.S.C.A. § 2347(c). However, there are matters not subject to judicial review as outlined in INA § 242(a)(2) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1252(a)(2)]. Generally, judicial review of an order of removal lies with the circuit courts of appeals.
Under several provisions contained in IIRIRA, the United States Congress sought to simplify and expedite the removal of aliens, including either eliminating or severely limiting judicial review of immigration decisions as follows: 

(1) elimination or limitation of judicial review under INA § 242 [8 U.S.C.A. § 1252]: this provision contains a variety of court stripping or limiting provisions;
(2) elimination of review regarding discretionary decisions relating to detention, or release, including the grant, revocation or denial of bond or parole;
(3) elimination of review of decisions of the Attorney General or his or her successor regarding voluntary departure;
(4) elimination of challenges against the United States or its agencies or officers under INA § 279 [8 U.S.C.A. § 1329];
(5) restriction on judicial review of certain legalization claims other than in the context of review of a final order of deportation or removal unless the person filed within the original deadline or was refused (“front-desked”) by the legacy INS at the time and
(6) restriction on review of the denial of the right to seek asylum because the applicant; 

(a) could seek protection in a safe third country;
(b) was previously denied asylum;
(c) did not file the application within one year of entry; or
(d) is deemed to be a terrorist.
Despite the restrictions created by IIRIRA precluding judicial review of a broad range of immigration related matters, federal courts still retain jurisdiction to review jurisdictional facts and determine the proper scope, if any, of its own jurisdiction.
Generally, petitioners must exhaust all administrative remedies prior to requesting review of a final order. Additionally, petitioners must comply with general Article III requirements relating to subject matter jurisdiction, standing, ripeness, mootness and the political question doctrine. These and the other bars to judicial review noted above must be addressed prior to reaching the merits of a case

What are Grounds of Deportation?

Aliens are subject to removal from the United States for the following grounds of deportation:

Status violations: Persons who violate their immigration status in the United States may be subject to removal. Persons inadmissible at the time of entry are subject to removal under INA § 237(a)(1)(A) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(1)(A)], which incorporates all of the grounds of inadmissibility. Additionally, persons in the United States in violation of the Immigration and Nationality Act or any other law of the United States are subject to removal INA § 237(a)(1)(B) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(1)(B)]. For example, persons who remain in the United States longer than authorized and persons who enter the United States without inspection are within this group. Persons who fail to maintain non-immigrant status have violated their immigration status and are subject to removal. INA § 237(a)(1)(C) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(1)(C)]. Under this provision, failure to maintain non-immigrant status and failure to comply with the terms, conditions and controls imposed under INA § 212(g) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1182(g)], concerning waivers for persons with communicable or physical or mental disorders, constitute deportable offenses. Aliens whose conditional permanent residence has been terminated are subject to removal as status violators. INA § 237(a)(1)(D) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(1)(D)]. Aliens who have encouraged, assisted, abetted or aided illegal immigration at the time of any entry or within five years of any entry are subject to removal. INA § 237(a)(1)(E) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(1)(E)].Finally, aliens who enter into fraudulent marriages for the purpose of obtaining immigration benefits are subject to removal. INA § 237(a)(1)(G) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(1)(G)].
Public charge: If a person has within five years of entering the United States become a public charge resulting from causes not arising after entry, he or she will be subject to deportation under the public charge ground. INA § 237(a)(5) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(5)].
Security and related grounds: Under INA § 237(a)(4) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(4)], an alien is deportable who has engaged, is engaged, or at any time after entry has engaged in any activity to violate any law of the United States relating to espionage, sabotage, or laws prohibiting export of goods, technology, or sensitive information from the United States, any other criminal activity which endangers public safety or national security or any activity the purpose of which is to oppose, control, or overthrow by force, violence, or other unlawful means, the U.S. government. Under INA § 237(a)(4)(B) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(4)(B)], an alien who has engaged, is engaging, or at any time after entry has engaged in any terrorist activity as defined in INA § 212(a)(3)(B)(iv) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(3)(B)(iv)] is deportable. Under INA § 237(a)(4)(C) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(4)(C)], an alien is deportable if the Secretary of State has reasonable grounds to believe that the presence or activities in the United States of such alien may have serious adverse foreign policy consequences. Finally, under INA § 237(a)(4)(D) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(4)(D)], Nazi war criminals and persons who have engaged in conduct defined as genocide for purposes of the International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide.
Failure to register and falsification of documents: Aliens in the United States are required to report any change in address to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). INA § 265 []. Failure to register a change of address is a deportable offense unless the alien can show that such failure was reasonably excusable or not wilful. INA § 237(a)(3)(A) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(3)(A)]. An alien is deportable if he or she is convicted for a violation of INA § 266(c) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1306(c)] (fraudulent statements) or Section 36(c) of the Alien Registration Act; for a violation of the Foreign Agents Registration Act; or, for a violation of 18 U.S.C.A. § 1546 (relating to fraud and misuse of visas) regardless of sentence imposed. An alien with a final administrative order for a violation of INA § 274C (document fraud) is subject to removal. INA § 237(a)(3)(C)(i) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(3)(C)(i)]. Finally, a person who falsely represents or who has falsely represented himself or herself to be a United States citizen to obtain benefits under the Immigration & Nationality Act, federal or state law is deportable8 U.S.C.A. § 1305. INA § 237(a)(3)(D) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(3)(D)].
Unlawful voting: Under INA § 237(a)(6) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(6)], any person who has voted in violation of any federal, state or local provision, statute, ordinance or regulation is subject to removal. A conviction is not required.
Criminal grounds: Aliens who are convicted of or admit to the commission of certain crimes, including multiple criminal convictions, crimes of moral turpitude, aggravated felonies, high speed flight, drug related offenses, firearms violations, and domestic violence, stalking and protective order violations, are subject to removal. INA § 237(a)(2) [8 U.S.C.A. § 1227(a)(2)].

How to Apply for Asylum?

To be eligible for asylum in the United States, you must ask for asylum at a port-of-entry (airport, seaport or border crossing), or file an application within one year of your arrival in the United States. You may ask later than one year if conditions in your country have changed or if your personal circumstances have changed within the past year prior to your asking for asylum, and those changes of circumstances affected your eligibility for asylum. You may also be excused from the one year deadline if extraordinary circumstance prevented you from filing within the one year period after your arrival, so long as you apply within a reasonable time given those circumstances. You may apply for asylum regardless of your immigration status, meaning that you may apply even if you are illegally in the United States.

In addition, you must qualify for asylum under the definition of “refugee.” Your eligibility will be based on information you provide on your application and during an interview with an Asylum Officer or Immigration Judge. If you have been placed in removal (deportation) proceedings in Immigration Court, an Immigration Judge will hear and decide your case. If you have not been placed in removal proceedings and apply with the BCIS , an Asylum Officer will interview you and decide whether you are eligible for asylum. Asylum Officers will grant asylum, deny asylum or refer the case to an Immigration Judge for a final decision. If an Asylum Officer finds that you are not eligible for asylum and you are in the United States illegally, the Asylum Officer will place you in removal proceedings and refer your application to an Immigration Judge for a final decision. Immigration Judges also decide on removal if an applicant is found ineligible for asylum and is illegally in the United States. If you are in valid immigrant or nonimmigrant status and the Asylum Officer finds that you are not eligible for asylum, the Asylum Officer will send you a notice explaining that the BCIS intends to deny your request for asylum. You will be given an opportunity to respond to that notice before a decision is made on your application.

There are numerous immigration laws that could result in the denial of this visa if not properly prepared.  If the petition is put together correctly and professionally by a qualified immigration law firm, the chances of approval is greatly increased.

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